Normal Laboratory (Lab) Values / Results

Red Blood Cells  
RBC (Male)      4.2 - 5.6 M/µL
RBC (Female)  3.8 - 5.1 M/µL 
RBC (Child)   3.5 - 5.0 M/µL
  
White Blood Cells  
WBC (Male)   3.8 - 11.0 K / mm cubed
WBC (Female)   3.8 - 11.0 K / mm cubed
WBC (Child)   5.0 - 10.0 K / mm cubed 
  
Hemoglobin  
Hgb (Male)   14 - 18 g/dL 
Hgb (Female)   11 - 16 g/dL 
Hgb (Child)   10 - 14 g/dL 
Hgb (Newborn)   15 - 25 g/dL 
  
Hematocrit   
Hct (Male)   39 - 54% 
Hct (Female)   34 - 47% 
Hct (Child)   30 - 42% 
  
MCV   78 - 98 fL 
MCH   27 - 35 pg 
MCHC   31 - 37% 
  
Neutrophils   50 - 81% 
Bands   1 - 5% 
Lymphocytes   14 - 44% 
Monocytes   2 - 6% 
Eosinophils   1 - 5% 
Basophils   0 - 1% 
  
Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) 
(also referred to as "sed rate")
  0 - Age / 2 for males (or 0-17 mm/hr)  &  0 - Age + 10 / 2 for females (or 1-25 mm/hr) 
  
CARDIAC MARKERS  
Troponin I   0 - 0.1 ng/ml  
Troponin T    0 - 0.2 ng/ml 
Myoglobin (Male)   10 - 95 ng/ml 
Myoglobin (Female) 10 - 65 ng/ml
  
BNP  Greater than 500 pg/ml    ( likely congestive heart failure )
BNP   Less than 100 pg/ml        ( congestive heart failure unlikely )  
  
CK-MB   0% - 3.9%   
  
Ejection Fraction  
55-70%   Normal  
40-55%   mild LV dysfunction  
30-40%   moderate LV dysfunction  
<30%   severe LV dysfunction  
  
GENERAL CHEMISTRY  
  
Acetone   0.3 - 2.0 mg% 
Albumin   3.5 - 5.0 gm/dL 
Alkaline Phosphatase ( slang term = alka phos )   32 - 110 U/L 
Anion gap   5 - 16 mEq/L 
Ammonia   11 - 35 µmol/L 
Amylase   50 - 150 U/dL 
AST, SGOT (Male)   7 - 21 U/L 
AST, SGOT (Female)   6 - 18 U/L 
direct bilirubin  0.0 - 0.4 mg/dL 
indirect bilirubin   total bilirubin - direct bilirubin
total bilirubin      0.2 - 1.4 mg/dL 
BUN           6 - 23 mg/dL 
Calcium (total)   8 - 11 mg/dL 
Carbon dioxide   21 - 34 mEq/L 
Chloride   96 - 112 mEq/L 
Creatinine   0.6 - 1.5 mg/dL 
Ethanol   0 mg% ; Coma: greater than or equal to 400 - 500 mg% 
ferritin   13-300 ng/mL  
GGT (male)   11-63 IU/L 
GGT (female)   8-35 IU/L 
folic acid   2.0 - 21 ng/mL 
Glucose   70 - 110 mg/dL 
Glycosylated Hemoglobin (HbA1c)   4 - 6% is normal ( diabetic patients are to keep the value < 7-8% ) 
Iron   52 - 169 µg/dL
Iron binding capacity   246 - 455 µg/dL 
Lactic acid   0.4 - 2.3 mEq/L 
Lactate   0.3 - 2.3 mEq/L 
LDH  (lactate dehydrogenase )   56-194 IU/L 
Lipase   10 - 140 U/L 
Magnesium   1.5 - 2.5 mg/dL 
Osmolarity   276 - 295 mOsm/kg 
parathyroid hormone   12 - 68 pg/mL 
Phosphorus   2.2 - 4.8 mg/dL 
Potasssium   3.5 - 5.5 mEq/L 
Protein (total)   6.0 - 9.0 gm/dL 
SGPT   8 - 32 U/L 
Sodium       135 - 148 mEq/L 
T3    0.8 - 1.1 µg/dL 
Thyroglobulin   Less than 55 ng/mL 
Thyroxine (T4) total   5 - 13 µg/dL 
Total protein   5 - 9 gm/dL 
TSH   Less than 9 µU/mL 
Urea nitrogen   8 - 25 mg/dL 
Uric acid (Male)   3.5 - 7.7 mg/dL 
Uric acid (Female)   2.5 - 6.6 mg/dL 
  
LIPID PANEL (ADULT)  
  
Cholesterol (total)   Less than 200 mg/dL 
Cholesterol (HDL)   30 - 75 mg/dL 
Cholesterol (LDL)   Less than 130 mg/dL  
Triglycerides (Male)   Greater than 40 - 170 mg/dL 
Triglycerides (Female)   Greater than 35 - 135 mg/dL 
  
URINALYSIS  
  
Color   Straw 
specific gravity   1.003 - 1.040 
pH   4.6 - 8.0 
sodium   10 - 40 mEq/L 
potassium   Less than 8 mEq/L 
chloride   Less than 8 mEq/L 
protein   1 - 15 mg/dL 
rbc's            0 - 2 per hpf 
wbc's   0 - 2 per hpf  
ketones   negative 
blood   negative 
urobilogen   0.2-1.0 Ehr U/dl 
urine nitrite   negative 
osmolality   80 - 1300 mOsm/L  
  
24-HOUR URINE  
  
amylase   250 - 1100 IU / 24 hr 
calcium   100 - 250 mg / 24 hr 
chloride   110 - 250 mEq / 24 hr 
creatinine   1 - 2 g / 24 hr  
creatine clearance   (male)   100 - 140 mL / min 
creatine clearance   (male)   16 - 26 mg / kg / 24 hr 
creatine clearance  (female)   80 - 130 mL / min 
creatine clearance  (female)   10 - 20 mg / kg / 24 hr 
magnesium   6 - 9 mEq / 24 hr 
osmolality   450 - 900 mOsm / kg 
phosphorus   0.9 - 1.3 g / 24 hr 
potassium   35 - 85 mEq / 24 hr 
protein   0 - 150 mg / 24 hr 
sodium   30 - 280 mEq / 24 hr 
urea nitrogen   10 - 22 gm / 24 hr 
uric acid   240 - 755 mg / 24 hr 
  
COAGULATION  
  
ACT   90 - 130 seconds 
APTT   21 - 35 seconds 
Platelets   140,000 - 450,000 / mL 
Plasminogen   62 - 130% 
PT   10 - 14 seconds 
PTT   32 - 45 seconds 
FSP   Less than 10 µg/dL 
fibrinogen   160 - 450 mg/dL 
bleeding time   3 - 7 minutes 
thrombin time   11 - 15 seconds 
  
CEREBROSPINAL FLUID   
  
appearance   clear 
glucose   40 - 85 mg/dL 
osmolality   290 - 298 mOsm/L 
pressure   70 - 180 mm/H2O 
protein   15 - 45 mg/dL 
total cell count    0 - 5 cells 
wbc's   0 - 6 / µL 
  
NEUROLOGICAL VALUES   
  
cerebral perfusion pressure   70 - 90 mm Hg 
intracranial pressure   5 - 15 mm Hg or 5 - 10 cm H2O 
  
ARTERIAL VALUES   
  
pH   7.35 - 7.45 
PCO2   35 - 45 mmHg 
bicarbonate   22 - 26 mEq/L 
O2 sat    96 - 100% 
PO2   85 - 100 mmHg 
base excess   -2 to +2 mmol/L 
  
VENOUS VALUES   
  
pH   7.31 - 7.41 
PCO2   41 - 51 mmHg 
bicarbonate   22 - 29 mEq/L 
O2 sat   60 - 85% 
PO2   30 - 40 mmHg 
base excess   0 to +4 mmol/L 
  
Body Mass Index (BMI)  
  
Underweight   < 18.5 
Normal weight   18.5 - 24.9 
Overweight   25 - 29.9 
Obesity   > 30 
Morbid Obesity   > 40 
 








Disclaimer:  These lab values are provided for informational purposes only, as a reference resource for medical transcriptionists specifically, and are not intended as a comprehensive chart to refer to when evaluating personal health or towards making personal health decisions.
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